Turkish History dateline 3000 BC to 1 AD by Archaeologous

TURKISH HISTORY-dateline 3000 BC to 1 AD by Archaeologous

If you are planning on a Mediterranean cruise or regular multi-day vacation in Turkey then here is a “cheat sheet” of info so that you  can at least have a small idea of some of the amazing history of possibly the most sought after location in the ancient world, Turkey. This 10,000 year old civilization had a wealthy western  area called Anatolia (western Turkey where the legendary cities of Pergamon, Izmir (Smyrna, Sardis, Ephesus, Troy and the 7 Churches of the Apocalypse are located) and it was the melting pot of cultures from Sumer, Babylon Persia, Greece, Assyria. And Rome (to name a few) The result was the advanced civilization which has long inspired thoughts, acts and legends  


Bronze Age in Anatolia gave us spectacular findings contemporary with the royal tombs of Mycenae in Greece.

3000 BC… Legendary Troy was founded and played a major role in the importation of tin, which was vital for the production of bronze.

2000 BC… The Hittites (group of peoples mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Book of Genesis, living near Canaan since time of Abraham approx 2000 BC.) arrived and absorbed much of the Babylonian civilization. They had a monopoly on iron in Asia and with this edge, and of using chariots, gave them military superiority over Egypt and others in the Mesopotamian states.

1590 BC…Victorious raid against Babylon was the climax of the first Hittite empire.

1000 BC… The Uratus created a unified state and were masters in hydraulic works making them skilled in construction of canals, artificial lakes and irrigation as well as their fame for  horse breeding and calvary. 

800-650 BC Lydians Invent money in city Sardis. The King of Lydia, Croesus, made an agreement with the advancing Persians to divide the Anatolia area along the  Kızılırmak River. However with so many chapters of takeovers, the Persians did not keep their word and eventually became the sovereign power until 333 BC when Alexander the Great arrived.

750-300 BC  Phrygians and King Midas settled western Anatolia. King Midas, according to mythology everything he touched turned to gold  After Persian rule for 200 years the capital was liberated in 333 by Alexander the Great.

241 BC—Pergamon becomes the wealthy, brilliant intellectual and healing center of the world under the Seleucid Empire. At the death of King Attalus III of Pergamon who had no heir and willed his country to the Romans, thus began a time of  peace, prosperity and extraordinary urban developments. Magnificent Ephesus, home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was the seat of the roman governor of Asia

Of course, there are volumes and volumes of any one of these time frames of history. This is just to "whet" your curiosity of a mega important place that all cultures wanted in the ancient days.

Turkey-on front page of Archaeology Magazine.